Climate change is something every industry, including architecture, has started adapting to. Building residential architecture that is made for the ever-changing weather challenges like extreme hot temperatures, flooding, and storms has become an integral part of the future.
Climate adaptation in architecture has changed to increase sustainability and the safety of the people who reside in homes that experience extreme weather patterns. Our team of residential architects in NJ takes a closer look below:
Evolution of Climate-Responsive Residential Architecture
Climate architecture considers the environment and the structural adaptations of a building to thrive in its abode. Here are some ways in which the building industry has transformed residential architecture for climate change:
- Using eco-friendly resources
- Incorporating natural building materials
- Maximizing the building structure
Focusing on the environment to reduce carbon emissions has become vital. The building industry is known for being a significant contributor to CO2 emissions on a global scale, according to the United Nations (UN). As a result, the industry continues to work to reduce the greenhouse effect and reverse some of the previous impacts.
Some eco-friendly architecture strategies include using natural mediums, repurposed or upcycled building materials, and natural energy sources. Climate architecture also aims to utilize more of the building’s existing structures before considering demolishing and rebuilding from scratch.
Innovations in Climate-Adaptive Residential Design
There are several key factors when considering residential architecture suited to the climate. These aspects include, but are not limited to:
- An environmental assessment – Before starting any building project, assessing the environment is crucial. The assessment will help determine what climate-responsive architecture features are required.
- Work with natural ventilation – Fresh air is key, and constructing a building with natural ventilation is another way to reduce the use of HVAC systems.
Designing Climate-Resilient Homes
Climate adaptation in architecture has developed over the years and proved very effective. Some elements to consider when adapting climate-resilient residential architecture include the following:
Extreme warm weather
- Passive solar energy – Using solar energy can heat and cool a living space without the need for grid electricity. The entire building structure is designed using materials for the floors and walls to aid insulation and temperature control.
- Natural cooling – Strategically planting trees for shade will eliminate the need for an HVAC cooling system. Instead, the shade will help keep temperatures more bearable.
Floods or excessive rain
- Elevation – Starting the build on a higher level will help reduce the impact of flood damage.
- Adding green elements – Green elements such as green roofs and living walls are remarkable for improving air quality and absorbing more water during excessive rainfall.
- Use fire-resistant material – Incorporating special building materials is essential in fire-prone zones. Some fire-resistant materials include treated lumber, fire-rated glass, fire bricks, concrete, and fire-rated doors.
Embracing Climate-Conscious Living through Architectural Innovation
Before building your home or renovating, consider climate-responsive architecture by adapting your property for the environment and weather. The benefits of adapting to the environment are not only cost-effective in the long run, but they are also essential for reducing the effect of carbon emissions on the environment.